Helping Your Child Read and Write Better
Step by Step
By Marilyn Martyn
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The book provides the reader simple step-by-step strategies and techniques to assist your children in enhancing their reading skills. The author’s basic teaching philosophy is to phonics as a base to re-enforce the lessons your child gets at school. The book is written straight-forwardly and especially for you, the parent. The book addresses the four important parts to improving your child’s reading skills: phonics, fluency, vocabulary knowledge and text comprehension. The learning lessons are: the sounds of letters and the combinations letters that represent them; how to blend sounds into words; how to spell the words; how to recognize words; spelling patterns; how to read sentences; the importance of practice passages; and the use of practice passages to aid fluency. Included in the introduction is the phonic checklist and an outline of the lessons presented in the book. This section focuses on the phonics. There is a phonics check list provided which contains, 18 vowel sounds, and15 consonant sounds. The author breaks down the basics of the English language and provides definitions for each component.
Lesson number 1 focuses on identifying the 26 letters of the English alphabet; what each letter looks like in Upper Case and lower Case; and lists both the vowels and consonant letters. There are three exercises provided in this lesson.
Lesson two focuses on the sounds each letter makes, first by looking at the vowel sounds and then looking at the consonant sounds; the importance of blending sounds and the role syllables play in words.
The next lesson, three, provides a chart listing each of the 43 sounds for the English language. Included in this lesson are instructions for four exercises.
Lesson four is dedicated to how sounds are spelled in words; lists the rules of English; examples of short and long vowel sounds; how to recognize a dipthong and its importance; the importance of vowel digraphs; consonant sounds and digraphs.
Lesson five is strictly pays attention to short vowel sounds. There is a graph listing the short vowel and the sound it makes. The author again provides exercises, suggests games such as the memory game to enhance the learning process.
Lesson six focuses on the sounds consonants make. The author includes in this section activities and picture representing the sounds.
The next lesson, number seven, focuses on making words with vowel and consonant sounds. There are 7 steps provided with a list of how to blend sounds.
Lesson number eight is dedicated to words with short vowel sounds. Again the author provides lists of words and how to pronounce them; points out the need to learn sight words; two exercises; and four activities you can use.
Lesson nine looks at words with the CVC pattern. The author defines what a CVC pattern is, how to recognize it and its importance. There is a list of words and sentences to review and practice with along with two exercises.
The next lesson, ten, looks at the sounds of “c” and “k” which often combined together make the sound of “k”; what is the rule; how to recognize and read this combination. There is a list of contractions in this lesson with examples and an activity for you to use to demonstrate the contractions.
Lesson eleven strictly focuses on consonant blends also know as cluster. There is a list of beginning consonant blends; final consonant blends; two exercises and two activities.
The twelfth lesson is dedicated to reading and write these words with consonant blends. There is a large list and two exercises for you to use.
Lesson 13, focuses on long vowel sounds. There is a pictorial list for each sound provided in this chapter; an important rule regarding when a word has the vowel-consonant-final “e” pattern.
Lesson fourteen looks at the different spellings for long vowel sounds; provides a list of examples; looks at digraphs; and lists one exercise and one activity.
Lesson fifteen is dedicated to vowel sounds spelled with two letters better known as digraphs. There is a list of examples, exercises and activities. included in this lesson.
Lesson sixteen is about when two vowels come together in the same word; what is the rule; examples of words with this pattern; and three exercises.
Lesson seventeen looks at other eight vowel sounds not yet covered in the text. There is a example list and three exercises.
Next lesson, eighteen, is dedicated to consonant sounds spelled with two letters, better known as digraphs. Again, there is a pictorial list of examples, exercises and activities included.
Lesson nineteen looks at the different spellings for each long vowel sound; provides a list of examples. Lesson twenty looks at common spellings of consonant digraphs and provides a detailed list of examples. Lesson twenty-one is a reading practice activity.
Lesson twenty-two focuses on syllables; how to recognize them; pronounce them; the rules of spelling and pronunciation; and an exercise. Lesson twenty-three is a reading and writing practice activity with several reading lessons.
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